HatefulSable's Guide to Installing Stable Diffusion WebUI on Ubuntu With an Nvidia GPU

Last updated January 27, 2023.

This document is a start-to-finish guide to setting up Stable Diffusion WebUI on Ubuntu using a CUDA capable Nvidia graphics card. The procedure has been tested on a system with the following specifications:

  • Ubuntu 22.04.1 LTS
  • Intel Core i7-4770K
  • Nvidia GeForce GTX 970
  • Samsung 840 PRO 256GB
  • 12GB 1333MHz RAM

If you have a setup similar to this one, this guide should contain all the information you need to get started with SDW.

For AMD GFX8 graphics cards, see https://rentry.org/sable-sdw-ubuntu-amd-gfx8 instead.


This procedure involves installing software from many different sources, and possibly altering video drivers and other critical software on your computer. It is very strongly recommended that you perform this installation on its own dedicated hard drive, separate from the operating system you use every day.

Before You Begin

Check that you have a 64-bit CPU. Most computers built or purchased in the past decade are likely to meet this requirement, but you may wish to verify this before continuing.

Check that you have a CUDA capable GPU by finding it listed in https://developer.nvidia.com/cuda-gpus.

Install Ubuntu 22.04.1 LTS, available at https://releases.ubuntu.com/22.04.1/ubuntu-22.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso. You may choose a minimal installation, since only a web browser and basic utilities are required. This guide assumes that you are starting from a fresh installation and have not made any major changes to the operating system or software.

Install CUDA and Nvidia Drivers

Installing Nvidia drivers may cause the color temperature or other video settings to be changed after rebooting.

You must install CUDA version 11.7, since this is the version that PyTorch will be expecting.

wget https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/repos/ubuntu2204/x86_64/cuda-ubuntu2204.pin
sudo mv cuda-ubuntu2204.pin /etc/apt/preferences.d/cuda-repository-pin-600
wget https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/11.7.1/local_installers/cuda-repo-ubuntu2204-11-7-local_11.7.1-515.65.01-1_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i cuda-repo-ubuntu2204-11-7-local_11.7.1-515.65.01-1_amd64.deb
sudo cp /var/cuda-repo-ubuntu2204-11-7-local/cuda-*-keyring.gpg /usr/share/keyrings/
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install cuda

Reboot the system. You can now run nvidia-smi to verify that CUDA was installed.

Install Stable Diffusion WebUI

sudo apt-get -y install git
git clone https://github.com/AUTOMATIC1111/stable-diffusion-webui.git
cd stable-diffusion-webui/

Move your CKPT files to the models/Stable-diffusion folder. You do not need to rename any of your models to model.ckpt since SDW allows you to select which one to use, so be sure to give your CKPT files useful names. You may find download links for various models at https://rentry.org/sdmodels.

Open webui-user.sh and edit it as needed. For example, you may need to uncomment and set COMMANDLINE_ARGS to include --medvram --opt-split-attention if your GPU does not have much VRAM. See the comments in the file for more information.

When you are ready to continue, if you have changed your terminal's current working directory, be sure to change it back to the SDW folder.

cd ~/stable-diffusion-webui/

Install PyTorch

sudo apt-get -y install python3-venv
python3 -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install torch torchvision --extra-index-url https://download.pytorch.org/whl/cu117

Increase Swap Size

If you have 16GB of RAM or more, you may be able to skip this section. However, if you encounter the error described below, try this solution before launching SDW again.

You might find that SDW crashes with a simple Killed error message while launching, usually when loading weights for a model. This is sometimes caused by the default swap file size being too small. You can experiment with different swap sizes to see what works for you.

sudo swapoff /swapfile
sudo fallocate -l 8G /swapfile
sudo mkswap /swapfile
sudo swapon /swapfile

You can now run free -h to confirm that the larger swap file has been set up properly.

Launch Stable Diffusion WebUI

Skip the following step this time, but in the future, after you have restarted your terminal application or rebooted the system, remember to change to the SDW folder and activate the virtual environment before launching SDW.

cd ~/stable-diffusion-webui/
source venv/bin/activate

Finally, launch the program.


Launching the program for the first time may take quite a while. Eventually, you should see a URL such as, which you can open in Firefox to access SDW's web interface.

Happy prompting!

Change Log

  • Install PyTorch using Pip instead of Anaconda, which allows the use of webui-user.sh and webui.sh as normal.
  • Increase swap size from 8GB to 12GB to avoid occasional out-of-memory errors.
  • Clarify instructions on changing to the SDW folder and activating the virtual environment after the first run.
  • Clarify warning about installing SDW on its own hard drive.
  • Encourage the user to experiment with different swap sizes on his own system.
  • The current year is 2023, not 2022.
  • No need to install torchaudio.
  • Add specification for RAM speed.
  • Add link to AMD GFX8 guide.
  • Swap size can be smaller after adding more RAM.
Pub: 06 Jan 2023 01:11 UTC
Edit: 27 Jan 2023 18:34 UTC
Views: 477